Beyond “Scared Straight” – Moving to Programs that Actually Work

by Laura Nissen

juvenile-justice-reform_youth-in-hoodieIn the last couple of decades, we’ve seen an explosion of research that tells us what works in adolescent substance abuse treatment and in helping kids caught in the juvenile justice system turn their lives around. As a result, foundations and lawmakers have raised their expectations: quite rightly, they want to fund "what works."

Which is why it’s maddening to see "Scared Straight" held up as a model for juvenile justice on national television in "Beyond ‘Scared Straight,’" a multi-episode series on A&E that premieres on Thursday, January 13, 2011.
 
The original "Scared Straight" program, in which a group of adult prison inmates attempted to terrify a group of teen offenders into "going straight," was the focus of a television special in 1978. Since then, the authors of "’Scared Straight’ and other juvenile awareness programs for preventing juvenile delinquency (Review)," a 2002 meta-analysis of relevant research on nine such programs, found that "not only does it fail to deter crime, but it actually leads to more offending behavior."
 
That’s right: "Scared Straight" increases the chance that youth will reoffend, compared to doing nothing. This is retro-programming that went out with other ill-advised approaches years ago. We need to move forward on this issue – not backwards. 

 
Thankfully, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) won’t fund Scared Straight programs, or anything like them, because of the lack of research support. And several states, including Oregon, the state I live in, now require that all or a large portion of state monies funding juvenile justice programming must go to evidence-based programs. 
 
But when an ineffective intervention program like "Scared Straight" is showcased on television, we can expect that there will be pressure to replicate it in communities across the country. That’s a travesty, and not just because it would be a waste of taxpayer dollars. Investing in ‘Scared Straight’" means investing in ruining the lives of teens across the country – and creating more crime victims.   
 
Rather than focusing on shaming and terrorizing youth to deter them from future crime, we should invest instead in the variety of treatment, supportive services, and community-based recovery support services that teens in the juvenile justice system need to be successful.  
 
One way to do that is to invest in Reclaiming Futures (which is backed by national evaluation results from The Urban Institute and Chapin Hall Center for Children at the University of Chicago). Our approach helps communities do a better job of getting teens the treatment and community connections they need to be successful for the long term. And a core principle of our work has always been that communities that truly care about their kids should invest in what’s been shown to work.
 
But what do you think? Should A&E air a show like "Beyond ‘Scared Straight?’"
 
Update August 2011: in spite of overwhelming research evidence and opposition from juvenile judges, federal officials, and juvenile justice experts,  A&E Television is airing a new series of episodes of Beyond ‘Scared Straight.’
 
Updates September 2012:
1. Scared Straight continues to air on A&E. 
2. Laura Burney Nissen is now a special advisor to Reclaiming Futures, while Susan Richardson is the National Executive Director.
 

juvenile-justice-reform_Laura-NissenLaura Burney Nissen, M.S.W., Ph.D. is the national program director for Reclaiming Futures. She has led the initiative through conceptualization, demonstration and dissemination. As national program director, Laura has written extensively about the lessons of the initiative, and is a regular speaker at national meetings on juvenile justice reform. Laura has worked with state and federal agencies to encourage system-wide recognition and use of strength-based methods for youth. She is also an associate professor at Portland State University’s School of Social Work, where her research focuses on qualitative research methods, system reform issues, and communication tools for social change.

 

 

 

Photo at top: Adam Foster | Codefor.

 

101 thoughts on “Beyond “Scared Straight” – Moving to Programs that Actually Work

  1. Anonymous

    My name is Samantha, I am 15 and I have a friend who NEEDS to be Scared Straight I have many friends who smoke weed and get in trouble a lot. I have been ridiculed for telling them they are wrong and I am so tired of them picking on me because I am the good kid. They need change, and they need it before they get into more trouble.

    Reply
  2. yvonne

    i have a 11year old son hes not in the street hes really not a bad child hes lazy and scared to go to jail im a single parent rasining three young boys and i just want him to respect me and help me i want him to no what happen if he go to jail and i want him to no thats not a place to be. just because the area we in is not the best but its what i can afford. he see the corner boys saling drugs the crack heads. i want him too know thats not a life for him how do i find a program in newark nj to scare him up

    Reply
  3. Benjamin Chambers

    Hi Yvonne – Thanks for reaching out now. I know you want the best for your three boys, which is why I’d recommend that you avoid getting him into any program that seeks to “scare” them into staying straight. The research (linked to in the post above) is very clear that “Scared Straight” programs either have no effect or are likely to make participants commit new crimes. You’re right to reach out now, while your boys are still young. The more you can connect them to activities at school, in the community, and to caring adults — formal mentors are great — the more likely they are to be successful. One thing you might consider, if you haven’t already: is there a college or university nearby that has a mentoring program? That can be a great way to connect them with young people who have taken a different path and who want to reach back and help younger kids.

    Reply
  4. Benjamin Chambers

    Dear Jordan’s Mom – I’m sorry your son has given you such cause for anxiety. And I hear you: numbers and studies can feel awfully irrelevant when it’s your child who’s acting out. What you want most in a situation like that is an intervention that works.

    That’s why the research and the statistics matter. They’re the best guide we have. Many times, the programs we think should work don’t — research tells us that more reliably than anecdotes and success stories do, because it tries to look at large numbers of people and to remove variables that might skew the results.

    If you’re interested in learning more about the research, there’s a very readable summary of the “Scared Straight” research put out by Florida’s Department of Juvenile Justice.

    You can also check out this review of 9 separate studies of “Scared Straight” programs here.

    Reply
  5. Jordan's Mom

    Anonymous- I think you are raising my son. My son started acting up in high school. He was arrested twice for petty things. I had him stay overnight in jail when I could have taken him home with me. I am afraid his behavior will continue and now that he is 18 he is no longer a juvie. I don’t understand why people think this type of program increases the chance of increased criminal behavior. I love to put my son in a Scared Straight Program and I work in the criminal justice system. These kids are one bad choice away from ruining their lives.

    Who cares that stats are down. We are not talking about stats! We are talking about our children!

    Keep being a great parent! Your not alone!

    Reply
  6. Earl James

    I am a Behavioral Specialist Consultant in the Philadelphia, Pa region working with behavioral challenged and at risk youth. I am seeking information regarding the number of youth who participated in the scared straight program and what their recidivist rates where. Meaning if the program had 100 participants how many of them reoffended and went to jail? Thank you so very much for your assistance.

    Earl James, Jr.

    Reply
  7. Blaze! Ask about me!

    [The following comment was edited to remove profanity and abusive language. --Ed.]

    For you information, I know alot of people who are watching this show, and it opened their eyes to the reality of prison, and they now wanna keep their life straight…I dont know where ya get ya stats or whatever, but it definitely opened my eyes…Shout out to the dude that made the Beyond Scared Straight show, good look on trying to change the world now days.

    Reply
  8. Benjamin Chambers

    Hi Anonymous – I can understand where you’re coming from. However, bear in mind that Reclaiming Futures doesn’t compete with “Scared Straight” — we just support communities in investing evidence-based practices of their choice that *do* work to help youth turn their lives around.

    The research we cite that demonstrates that “Scared Straight” is ineffective and very costly in the long-term was done independently, and many juvenile justice experts who are not affiliated with Reclaiming Futures have also gone on record saying that it’s harmful and should not be funded.

    For more info on the research, see this post: http://blog.reclaimingfutures.org/juvenile-justice-reform-Scared-Straight-Facts-vs-Hype.

    For information on other juvenile justice experts opposing “Scared Straight,” see this post: http://blog.reclaimingfutures.org/juvenile-justice-reform-Scared-Straight-CJJ-position-statement.

    Reply
  9. Anonymous

    it’s kinda fishy you are bad mouthing beyond scared staight and at the same time you want people to invest in the porgram that will put money in your pocket. You are a crimminal and should go through the program you THIEF

    Reply
  10. Benjamin Chambers

    Dear Anonymous – Your story is heartbreaking. You obviously did everything you could and more for your son. And I can understand why you’d be frustrated with more traditional methods; it’s true that they don’t work for everyone, and kids slip through the cracks every day. But juvenile crime rates are falling (national arrest rates in 2009 were the lowest they’ve been since the mid-1980s), and many juvenile justice systems are getting better at keeping kids out of the system by paying attention to the research on what works.

    Multiple studies have shown that “Scared Straight” is ineffective and *more* likely to make kids who participate in it commit crimes (and that doing nothing would be more effective). Many other programs are much more effective at cutting crime and saving money. Given that, there’s really no choice at all in what to fund.

    Reply
  11. Anonymous

    My son was a high achiever, A honor roll, 17 out of 18 possible awards when he graduated elementary school, 5 scholarships in a prominent ballet school studying under a world renowned Ballet Company. Great middle class lifestyle with a an awesome SUPPORT SYSTEM such as mother, father, stepfather, stepmother, auntie, uncle, educators, school staff etc…

    Then before you know it, his first year in middle school EVERYTHING CHANGED. Attitude, the way he spoke, the way he treated people (specifically adults) right down to the clothing he sported. Rap music ruled and his famous saying was, “As long as I own a gun, I’ll never be broke.”

    Being fortunate enough to have excellent private insurance coverage, we collaborated a support system and went full force. First the medical exams to rule out any medical cause for the dramatic change in behavior. Next a battery of psychological and behaviorists professionals such as; Psychiatrists, psychologists, art therapists, counselors doing daily home visits etc…

    Eventually he crossed the line and the law stepped in. The juvie legal system set a plan of action ON TOP of the plan that was already being implemented by family. The panel of multiple professionals even billed the state 848.00 a day for a period of 6 months which did not include his probation officer or public defender.

    As parents my husband and I spent and average of 5 days a week taking my son from one professional to another and we also attended group and individual parenting meetings as well as sitting in on some of my son’s sessions despite the fact we both took psych in college. Note: Stepfather has a dbl Masters, one in education, one in psych and a PhD. Mother was a business woman who put family before career to be a stay at home mom once son began his negative transition.

    Nothing helped, professionals were completely useless in his case and even educated loving parents were useless just the same.

    MY SON NEEED TO BE EXPOSED TO A PROGRAM SUCH AS SCARED STRAIGHT…forget about PROFESSIONALS CREATING JOB SECURITY for themselves. Do not buy into it. If programs like my son went through worked…so many kids would not be retiring to juvie and or end up in prison as they enter adulthood. It stands to reason…when court ordered programs fail time and time again, the courts create job security for themselves as well. More crime, more need for judges, court reporters, court room law enforcement, admin, public defenders, prosecutors, probation officers, jailers, their staff. The list is endless and very costly to the tax payer both financially and victim wise.

    Are bad parents toblame? You tell me. My daughter is an adult now, A/B student and the complete opposite of her brother yet raised in the same home and exposed to the very same people. I would think if anyone would have failed, it would have been her because we all had no choice but to live our lives around the son. If he had a bad day, we all had a bad day, if he had appointments, that came first, if he was in trouble with the law, we stopped everything to go pick him up from jail and be in juvie court to deal with the cases he caught.

    Well where is my son now? Is he in tip top physical shape dancing around the world earning 80KK a year and being admired those who fancy the arts? NO! Is he principal character on prime time television show in a long running series that he was cast for? NO!

    Does this come a a shocker to you? My son is IN PRISON trying to knock off a TEN YEAR SENTENCE for a crime he does not even know if he committed or not thanks intoxication of liquor and bars (a stick of Xanax-benzodiazepines). That 10 years was a “Plea Bargain” –you get one court appointed and that’s it. So if he/she does not represent you like a well paid attorney should, a plea bargain is as good as it gets. Now he’ll be lucky to get to meet his own child before entering high school, his sister graduates college, she lands that 125K job, she gets married or gives birth to his nieces and nephews, and me before cancer takes my life.

    The one thing he admits to…….if he would have known how BAD it was inside PRISON walls…realized how good he had it at home…..even how wonderful it is to have the freedom of choice….he never would have made such stupid choices.

    Reality check….the only visitors he has had are mom and dad. The only letters he receives are from mom and dad. The money put on his books, from mom and dad. So all those hommies and bit*hes he thought he once had, have moved and do not give him a second thought or they are in prison themselves.

    I say, insanity is doing the same thing over and over again and expecting a different outcome. That goes for law breakers as well as programs the state paying kazillons at the tax payers expense when kids keep rotating in and out of Juvie Court. Dollar for dollar should be considered for the Scared Straight Program…if the funding does not exist….get rid of those other so called programs that in reality never work and spend money where it will, such as on scared straight programs. Juvenals can play the professionals but not the cons that are in the joint. The rule of thumb…you can’t bullsh*t the inventor.

    Reply
  12. Anonymous

    I read your comment and I want to thank you for it. You were the first to really explain WHY you felt that inducing additional trauma to already traumatized children may not work.

    While I think that the trauma of seeing what can happen if one does not get on the straight and narrow can be useful, I agree that it may not work nor be appropriate for everyone. And certainly the humiliation of being seen on TV and recognized can send an already angry person over the edge.

    Getting to the root cause of the issues which seem to be anger, low self-esteem and/or abuse is needed.

    In some cases, the children don’t need to be in their current home.

    Reply
  13. Anonymous

    I am right with you on this .I have twins 14 and they refuse medication,counseling,and yell and scream at me .The whole thing is they refuse to hear anyone ,and do not care how I feel .I am frustrated because I was told get a court order and make them do this and that ,who will drag them to the car?They get good grades so obviously they are not to slow to understand what they do the truth is they do not care.The juvenile system will just introduce them to worse behaviors .All of their behaviors are abusing me.One try’s to talk after he disrupts the house ,the other just does not care and the only people that he listens to are his age and not capable of helping themselves.This is a nightmare and right now I think they could be helped if they would .The problem is society gives kids the right to just refuse and excuses to use for not doing what they are supposed to do.Why is it we never needed all this pampering to grow up?The real world will not pamper them so in my opinion the kids are fed a false sense of entitlement and when they are 18 they have no desire to work or do for themselves .We had no choice ,someone has told the kids they do ? I frankly am at my wits end with trying to talk them into doing what common sense told all of us.
    Suffering with you.

    Reply
  14. Anonymous

    I love how everyone keeps saying to take these kids to counseling. I guess that would work IF you could force your child to go to sessions – my son is 17 and a half and if he refuses to go there’s nothing I can do about it. Most of these kids don’t think they need help or just plain don’t want it. Get counceling for yourself and your family anyway.
    The advice here feels a lot like the well meaning advice I receive from other parents who have no clue what it’s like to deal with a child that is oppositional defiant day and night. It’s a day to day struggle of picking your battles. I’m down to letting my son learn from natural consequence. He’s never been in jail but now at the age of 17.5 if he has a run in with the law he will go to jail and be charged as an adult. He’s well aware of that as well as the fact that mommy won’t be there to bail him out.
    The one peice of sound advice given here is to reach out and connect with other parents who are in or have been in your shoes. These are the people who will give you strength and who can share strategies that may work.
    Try not to feed into your Childs manipulating and don’t allow them to push your buttons. Bask and breathe during the fleeting calm moments showing them your love and gather energy to carry you through the daily storms. The biggest thing is to always try to point out and praise the good when you can.
    The best to all of you, who are in my boat stay strong, don’t give up hope and remember they do love and need you no matter what they say.

    Reply
  15. nathan young

    To those of you that say “have you seen these kids” or “I’ve seen it work.” Your argument is 100% invalid. You are presenting what’s known as anecdotal evidence. It is opinionated, and unsubstantiated. And we’re talking here about what we want the government to put money into. You’re saying “if the program works right” but we’ve seen from the numbers that the program doesn’t work. If what you mean my “works right” means doing it differently, then you’re not actually arguing for the program, but against it.

    Reply
  16. melanie

    im sorry i strongly disagree! yes it’s mean & harsh! but it’s nothing these aren’t already calling each other and/or threatening others just the same! furthermore, jail does not discriminate between who has a hard life or not! that’s called the real world and that’s what they are showing them. it doesn’t matter what you have seen, gone thru, or had happen to you, IT IS NOT AN EXCUSE! yes it’s sad and upsetting and that’s what counseling is for. but consequences still are consequences! period!!!

    Reply
  17. melanie

    there is a lot of ‘professionals’ who say do this & do that! how bout everybody go back & read the history books and discipline these kids like our grandparents did! with good ol tough love! it worked then, and it will work now, providing that we all stop listening to these so called “professionals”!

    Reply
  18. infospiff

    It absolutely was a major matter a couple of years back concerning the authenticity in the ugg boots sale since there initially were numerous phony and artificial ugg boots being offered from numerous suppliers to brew a gain out of it.

    When you are be sure to Tall Metallic Ugg Boots 5812
    look into the build quality of the materials that is utilized within the ugg boots. Beginning with the fabric of boots and fittings. Subsequently studying the stitches plus the fleece coat of your boots.

    The ugg boots might be worn on equally winter weather and summer season rendering them an excellent buying bargain as you can wear one set of boots for a very long time when the quality of the ugg boots is good enough.

    The right spot for getting ugg boots is known as a special ugg boots sale which centers Exclusively on these ugg boots certainly nothing else. If you purchase from a place like this you can be confirmed that the good quality will probably be exceptional as well as on top of that you’ll be capable to decide on just the variety and appearance of the array will be massive.

    Reply
  19. Doctor D

    You are still saying long term research, but the original Scared Straight went to a show with members from that show with a follow-up. They still remember what one inmate told them, that I can show you better than I can tell you. That inmate explained to them that he came in with a nobody could not tell him anything atittude. But he told them that other inmates showed him the reality of prison life. He said that he wished someone had tooked the time to talk to him. That same inmate stood in their minds twenty years later. He was not the biggest nor the baddest,but the way he expressed himself stood out. He was very raw,very threatening, and told them what they needed to hear,in the way that they needed to hear it.So do not tell me this program is not working. We had a seventeen year old kid in my state that just killed both of his parents. Maybe if he had went to this program this could have been avoided. This kid plotted for months with his friends and even had code words for when they were to carry out their plan. Sometimes all the reasoning in world do not work. Maybe if he saw what was waiting for him in jail he might had thought twice.

    Reply
  20. Benjamin Chambers

    Doctor D – We agree when you say that different things work with different kids: nothing works with *every* kid. However, bear in mind that the followup on the kids in the show is neither rigorous nor very long-term. That’s why rigorous research by professional evaluators has been done by many different people over many different years on many different versions of “Scared Straight”-type programs — to determine what the long-term results for participants actually is.

    In terms of the research, it appears our link to the major research study — which reviewed the results of 9 separate studies on “Scared Straight” — was broken. My apologies. I’ve fixed it above, but here it is again: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD002796/abstract.

    Reply
  21. Fred The Kat

    This is just more sensationalized ‘reality’ TV. If these cable networks could show live sex acts and murder, they would. They don’t care if they provide any benefit to society. This is the network that follows around addicts and peeks in on hoarders and calls it entertainment. This is what people want to watch.

    Reply
  22. Jonathan Schiff

    I found your comments very informative. I have spent 30 years in the Juvenile Court system mainly focused on child abuse (I have represented children services, children as GAL and currently parents as a public defender).

    The scared straight approach reminds me strongly of the old “hair of the dog that bit me” remedy for hangovers. We do know (and my experience is not any different) that trauma often leads to acting out behavior in adolescents. Many sexually promiscuous girls, for example, are acting out scenarios they learned at home by experience at the hands of perpetrators. Although in the few snippets of biography I have seen in a couple of “Beyond Scared Straight” episodes, prior abuse is not discussed, many of those kids have likely experienced repeated physical and sexual abuse.

    The core of the scared straight approach is inducing trauma–to frighten the participants so badly that they won’t ever be bad again.

    So, for those kids who have experienced trauma in their lives, scared straight re-traumatizes them. So trauma causes and then cures–hair of the dog.

    I suspect that is one reason why the studies are finding that delinquent behavior increases after participation.

    With “Beyond Scared Straight,” there is an added element. The humiliation, fear and anger these kids are experiencing, is broadcast nationwide for the entertainment of viewers and income for the media. If they haven’t been sufficiently traumatized by the experience, I am certain that seeing themselves, and knowing that friends and neighbors also are viewing them, on national television, cowering and crying, will finish the job.

    Reply
  23. Doctor D

    You say research, what research and who are doing the researching. I have coached, and mentored many kids in my lifetime, and different things work for different kids. This kids I repeat are at risk kids who parents believe this is what they need. They are there everyday with their children, and do not know what else to do. I have watch all the shows and it seems to me most of the kids said that going through the program helped them. You say that the inmates were threatening the children, but they merely were stating the fact. This is what they can expect if they continue on their negative paths. You have kids pulling knives on their mothers,cussing out their principals,swinging on guards, totally, disrespecting their parents. These kids needed a wakeup call. My brother works at the County Jail and according to him the younger inmates get the most discipline because of their attitude problems. I reiterate my point, this program work for these particular kids.

    Reply
  24. Benjamin Chambers

    Doctor D – I’m glad it seemed to have a positive effect on your brother – just goes to show you that when it comes to human behavior, there’s always exceptions to every rule.

    You really hit on something when you talk about kids needing someone to connect with — they definitely need caring adults in their lives, and mentoring *has* been shown to work. Bear in mind, however, that the inmates on the show aren’t simply connecting with kids in a caring way; they’re also yelling at them, threatening them with violence, sexual slavery, and more. I think you’ll agree that that’s not the basis of a positive, supportive relationship.

    But you’re right about kids not “listening to reason” — that’s typical of adolescent brain development. That also means that appeals to long-term benefits (i.e., staying out of jail) are not generally effective with teens – that’s one reason the “Scared Straight” approach is flawed. Remember yourself as a teen? How many times did adults ask you what you wanted to be when you were an adult, or warn you that doing something (taking up smoking, say, or some other risky behavior) would be bad for you in the long run? Did that motivate you to change your behavior? It sure didn’t for me, nor for most adults I know.

    And in spite of individual testimonials, the research — which has been done on many incarnations of “Scared Straight” over many years — consistently shows that it is *not* effective for most kids, and is in fact harmful. I’d rather we put our money into programs that have been shown to work, rather than programs we *think* should work.

    Reply
  25. Doctor D

    I think the program Beyond Scared Straight do more good than harm. I saw the original Scared Straight in 1978, and it caught my younger brother attention.I grew up in a rough neighborhood, and this is what they understand. Most of these kids have a lot of hurt, pain and other problems. They will not listen to reasons in most cases ,and giving them this type of raw treatment, they understand.They need to understand what exactly is in store for them. The kids from the original show stated that the program really help out twenty years later and still recall an inmate who made a difference. Twenty years later they thanked him and told him he really made a difference, and without a visit to the prison, their life may have been totally changed for the worst. A lot of kids just need someone to connect with, If these inmates connect with them, the program is a success.

    Reply
  26. Anonymous

    Not much context is given in the documentaries about who the kids are and what got them to where they are. Scared straight is not appropriate for every kid, depending on their situation, but for some kids it’s exactly what they need . . . which is an independent third party who affirms what their parents and others have been telling them all along, which is to get your life together now, while you still have a chance. Stop using excuses. Everyone in life has issues and challenges, that’s no reason to waste your life. Life is a gift. This program is only a starting point, but a starting point is THE most important step in getting one’s life turned around.

    Reply
    1. Heath

      This is exactly the problem with scared straight. .. that, and who is deciding how it is carried out. Every person is different and perceive it differently. Many who have problems are there because they couldn’t be scared or disciplined straight in the first place. It really takes knowing rock bottom. Some can go though the program and see it, but many need to know it. Some may even see it as a challenge or game…… even some may think “I’m looking at a real bad-a $$”…. what is constant with most, is to be put living with a situation that the individual hates so much that they are willing to do whatever is needed to get out of it…. and you make that out “going straight”

      Reply
  27. Benjamin Chambers

    Anonymous – I like the way you focus on finding something to help young people turn their lives around. But “Scared Straight” isn’t the way to do that.

    For one thing, I’m struck by the huge gulf between the positive messages you want conveyed to kids — e.g., “Life is a gift,” “don’t waste your life” — and the segments of the show that subject the kids to threats of assault, extortion, rape and sexual slavery. Fear and intimidation don’t change behavior in the long-run.

    Second, as at least one expert has pointed out,, the program doesn’t fit teens from a developmental perspective. Yelling at them and telling them they’re screwing up only makes them more likely to dig in and resist — that’s the nature of adolescence. And teen brains don’t generally think long-term. The point of the intervention is to say, “Keep doing what you’re doing, and you’ll end up here in a couple of years.”

    But the teenager’s brain is likely to say, “A couple years from now? That’s a long way away,” and “Not me! I’m too smart for that!”

    And for some youth, having an “independent third party” tell them they’re worthless screw-ups — the same message they’ve been getting from others — undermines any belief they have in their ability to change. They accept the idea that they could be inmates themselves one day because they don’t fit in with the “straight” kids — and some go a step further and take the threats and intimidation as a challenge, as in, “I’m tough enough to survive in here; you can’t scare me!”

    Finally, as you say, the program doesn’t say much about what brings the kids there. One of the criticisms of the intervention historically has been that it doesn’t distinguish between kids whose behavior presents a low-risk to the community and those who are high-risk. Research is very clear that you don’t want to mix those two populations in groups (the low-risk kids get worse); and that it’s more effective to push low-risk kids out of the system (because pulling them into the system makes them more likely to return — partly because they become desensitized to it).

    Providing individualized sanctions and services for kids — which is what a good juvenile justice system intervention does — helps them identify their barriers, work through them with help from supportive adults, and turn their lives around. It takes time, and it doesn’t work for everyone, but it works for most.

    Reply
  28. tydie

    so what u saying is that if u let another’s kid on the show they’re going to cause crimes, i believe that because this is the real world……

    Reply
  29. Anonymous

    What happens when you do everything the “expects suggest” with little or no results. My daughter who is now 15 steals and lies and recently began taking pictures of herself to send to some boy (which I found). I’ve taken away privileges, (she’s openly stated she knows there is nothing I can do to her) gone through extensive counseling (she was diagnosed with ADD, medication has been prescribed, she WILL not take, I have to almost force it down her throat) sessions which advocated positive reinforcement, that worked for about a month. I even took her to the police station who told me there was nothing they could do until she does something to harm someone. Beyond that, she’s a minor if I put her out, then I’m in trouble for child endangerment.

    I’ve lost jobs, and housing due to her behavior (no I’m not low income). What’s worse I was advised against yelling at her and being angry for her pictures!!!

    I for one would love to put her in a scared straight program, as nothing to this point has worked!!! Please don’t tell me to try counseling, don’t tell me anything about positive reinforcement, don’t tell me anything about enforcing consequences, I’ve done it all with no sustained results.

    Reply
  30. Benjamin Chambers

    Dear Anonymous – I can see why you’re frustrated – of course you’re at the end of your tether! You’re describing a youth who clearly needs skilled intervention from a team — cooperation between schools, therapists, parent(s), and so on. Is your daughter making stupid choices that could harm her? Clearly. Does she make you angry? Yes.

    But you’re also describing a young person who’s not high-risk from the point of view of community safety, and if that’s correct, the juvenile justice system simply isn’t the place for her.

    We tend to hope the juvenile justice system will straighten kids out (even if we’re not putting them in a “Scared Straight” program), but the system is an incredibly blunt instrument: it’s slow, highly variable, it can be expensive, and it has long-lasting consequences, including making your kid more likely to be unsuccessful in life.

    And, too, the juvenile justice system doesn’t really have any more tools at its disposal than the rest of us do — to help kids turn lives around, the best juvenile justice systems divert kids who don’t belong there, and for the rest, they try to put them on probation, connect them with therapy and mental health assessments and other services, and so on. Yes, they can lock kids up, but that often means the young people end up hanging around and learning from other delinquent kids, seeing their own misbehavior as “normal,” and so on, none of which helps their long-term success.

    All that said, I’m sure you don’t get a lot of support — being the parent of a kid who misbehaves in the way you describe is incredibly lonely and frustrating, and what services there are tend to be focused these days (because of lack of funding) on the kids who present the highest-risk to community safety. Again, I’m not surprised you’re ready to ship her off to a “Scared Straight” program. But as you know from reading posts on our site, the research is clear that it’s not helpful, and in fact likely to be harmful.

    You asked me not to recommend counseling, but it’s the best option you have — and I mean family therapy, where you’re both participating, along with anyone else in your home. Plus, the quality of therapy varies widely, as do assessments — and part of what you’re dealing with is the brain of an adolescent, which simply takes time to develop.

    Frankly, it sounds to me like it would be helpful if your daughter could be assessed by someone trained in the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs (GAIN), an evidence-based assessment that’s *incredibly* thorough and often very helpful to clinicians in identifying issues that are often missed by more casual assessments. (I’m not sure if you live in a metro area, but if so, you’ll have a better chance of finding someone who can administer it.) There are other comprehensive assessments that could be effective too – but I’d ask if there’s a solid evidence-based behind whatever the clinicians are using.

    I also recommend the posts below – there may be some resources you find helpful. They refer to treatment for substance abuse, but much of it applies to finding other types of behavioral healthcare as well:

    Adolescent Substance Abuse: Advice for Parents
    Teen Addiction: Helping Parents Understand, Connect and Navigate Services
    How to Find Effective Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment + How to Train Treatment Counselors

    Best of luck –

    Reply
  31. Anonymous

    My son is 14. He started smoking weed and now his whole life revolves around it. He constanly steals from us, sneaks out at night and won’t show up til the next day, we’ve had to replace the window latches several times b/c he breaks them for an eaiser sneak out or sneak in when we’re not home. We have a lock on our bedroom door and nailed the frame down, we’ve replaced that too b/c he broke in. I am about to call the police and have him arrested for stealing, but I don’t really want to take that route. Do you know of any boot camps or DARE programs in Chicago? I’ve searched but was unsuccessful.

    Reply
  32. Benjamin Chambers

    Hi Anonymous – I’m sorry to hear you’re having trouble with your son. I can’t speak to specific resources in the Chicago area, but I can tell you that DARE has been shown to be ineffective (and it’s a prevention program, anyhow, so it’s not longer appropriate for your son, since he’s already using), and that boot camps also have been shown to be largely ineffective.

    However, here’s a couple of ideas:

    1. First, check out the Partnership at Drugfree.org site, especially the resources on this page: http://www.drugfree.org/intervene. It should help you, and it can connect you with other parents dealing with the same issues.

    2. Also, I strongly recommend family therapy if you can find it or afford it — it’s often the most effective way to address behavior problems.

    3. If you obtain counseling of any sort — whether it’s for the whole family or not — see if you can find a treatment provider who has a lot of experience (and certification) using “Motivational Interviewing” (MI). It’s a technique that therapists and health professionals use to increase client motivation to change. A key difference between it and other approaches is that it’s based on research on how people make behavior changes (like quitting smoking) to draw on their own motivation for a better life to help them stop doing negative, self-destructive behavior. It’s not a complete treatment in itself, but it can be extremely effective way to start work with a defiant teen.

    You may also find that having him assessed by a behavioral health provider may help you find that there are underlying reasons for his behavior — for example, mental health issues, trauma, or alcohol and drug issues.

    I hope this is somewhat helpful –

    Reply
  33. Tiffany Darnell Hill

    Below is a comment that I proposed on a well-known blog site. I posted this before finding your site and I am so ecstatic that someone else truly sees what I see. Especially, in regards to “Beyond Scared Straight.” It took NO research for me to perceive that this program is an embarrassment to the community.

    I used to be the delinquent youth, and for me, past rape and abuse was the primary cause. I did drugs, stole, had a temper and was prone to violence, had no qualms about how I treated others or what I said to them, abhorred ALL types of authority and committed a number of crimes that, by the grace of God, I never had to face criminal consequences in regards to. To be honest, had I gone through a program like “Beyond Scared Straight,” I am positive that there would have been a horrible backlash. My disgust with authority would have escalated as a result and I would probably be in prison serving a long sentence.

    Thankfully, I have since made the best out of what was once ” a wasted life”. I am 24 yrs old and I am a college graduate with a Bachelor’s of Arts Degree. I am currently working on my Master’s in Sociology. I have no children, no criminal record and I work full-time to maintain my responsibilities. I not only understand and have witnessed delinquency, I have experienced it firsthand.

    Thank you for pointing out a verity that many of us -whether it be hopeful parents who do not want to believe that there is yet another obstacle and one less program that will help their children, skeptics who would rather question upstanding research rather than face the hard facts or those who share a financial conflict of interest with A & E business- are in denial about.

    Here is my comment: I watched an episode of “Beyond Scared Straight” where a 13 yr old girl & a 12 yr old boy were taken to a male prison along with other children, mostly male children. They took the children to general population where the male prisoners behind the bars yelled at the kids in an effort to “scare them straight.” Both of the kids in question were sent to the program by their parents because they got into a lot of fights. They did not do drugs or steal, they just fought a lot & got suspended from school. The girl fought because other girls picked on her & the boy fought because other boys constantly called him “gay” & he was trying to prove his manliness. During one of their visits to general population the inmates repeatedly called the little girl the B-word (female dog) & told her they were going to gang-rape her & her mom. They also called the little boy the B & H- words (female dog/garden tool) & called him “gay”, saying that if he were in prison with them they would beat him, rape him & turn him gay if he wasn’t gay already.

    In my opinion, this is extremely unorthodox because who knows why the little girl or boy were acting out? Besides being teased, they could have very well been raped or physically abused in the past. Why would anyone think that the way to change a child’s behavior is to call them derogatory/demeaning names & subject them to threats of sexual/physical violence? Also, the little boy had already stated that he fought because boys his age incessantly called him “gay” & were violent towards him. How is taking him to prison & having inmates treat him in the same manner going to help him in the long run?

    This show should not be called “Scared Straight” it should be called “Straight Degraded” or “Crookedly Humiliated.” Who funds this crap? If either of them were my child, I would have looked into the bullying that they were suffering at school, talked to the teachers/faculty & other children’s parents or even put them in counseling. I would NOT have sent them to a show where they could have been, would have been, & were publicly belittled & threatened. Does anyone else think that the “Scared Straight” method of “help” does more harm than good?

    I know that my comment was not based on complete facts and that a lot of it was my personal opinion. But, I do believe the saying that “for every action there is a reaction.” There is a reason why these children are behaving the way they are and until we get to the root of the problem, no degree of humiliation or threats is going to better their behavior. We do not put out a fire by adding lighter fluid to the flame. We do not lower resistance by increasing tension.

    In like manner, we cannot solve the issue of delinquency/criminal behavior by placing kids in an environment with criminals that are worse. This is like saying, “I know you think that you are bad but look, they are really, really, really bad.” Big difference! Bad is bad! How can we build our kids up and make them understand that they are worth more than what they are giving themselves? We cannot do it by having other people degrade them. We don’t fight fire with fire, we fight fire with water. We need to cool the kids down not get them more irate!

    Yes, some kids seem to be “scared straight” but in the grand scheme of things, how long will this fear last? Not very long, I assure you. There is an increasingly “immortal” outlook with youth and soon they will forget of their experience in the “Scared Straight” program and become fearless again. Then, what do we do? Who do we turn to? By discovering why your child has behavioral issues we can deal with the issue head on.

    After all, if you take the root or the base away from anything, the rest will inevitably tumble. We must take away the root and the tree will no longer grow. If we eliminate the main issue that is causing our child’s delinquency the residual behavior will no longer fester.

    No, I do not have all of the answers, no one does. I believe that counseling will help to get to the “root” of the problem but I am aware that counseling does not work for everyone. Still, it is worth more of our time and effort than a quick-fix scare tactic that is fleeting at best.

    I give you all my sincerest prayer in hopes that things turn around for your child and all of the youth today. Once again, I thank you Lauren Nissen for enlightening us on this grave concern. You are greatly appreciated!

    Reply
  34. Benjamin Chambers

    Hello Anonymous – I’m sorry to hear you’re having trouble. I don’t know what sort of resources are available in your area, but if your brother (do I have that right?) is “violent” with your mother, then it’s probably time to call the police.

    That said, I can’t speak to what sort of services he’s likely to receive in your juvenile justice system. Given the background you give, I strongly recommend family therapy if you can find it or afford it — it’s often the most effective way to address behavior problems.

    As I’ve told earlier commenters, if you go that route, see if you can find a provider who has a lot of experience (and certification) using “Motivational Interviewing” (MI). It’s a technique that therapists and health professionals use to increase client motivation to change. A key difference between it and other approaches is that it’s based on research on how people make behavior changes (like quitting smoking) to draw on their own motivation for a better life to help them stop doing negative, self-destructive behavior. It’s not a complete treatment in itself, but it can be extremely effective way to start work with a defiant teen.

    You may also find that having him assessed by a behavioral health provider may help you find that there are underlying reasons for his behavior — for example, mental health issues, trauma, or alcohol and drug issues.

    I hope this is somewhat helpful –

    Reply
  35. Anonymous

    Hi My is 11 yrs old he will be 12 in December we recently lost our dad in 2010 and it has been very hard on our whole family, especially on my brother he doesn’t to my mother, he is disrespectful to adults, violent to my mother, me n my children, he swears and pretty much does what he wants my mother has health problems and can control my brother PLEASE HELP

    Reply
  36. Benjamin Chambers

    Hi Anonymous – As I explained to another poster, there is no conflict of interest here. Reclaiming Futures doesn’t compete with “Scared Straight” — we just support communities in investing evidence-based practices of their choice that *do* work to help youth turn their lives around.

    The research we cite that demonstrates that “Scared Straight” is ineffective and very costly in the long-term was done independently, and many juvenile justice experts who are not affiliated with Reclaiming Futures have also gone on record saying that it’s harmful and should not be funded.

    But you don’t have to take our word for it: the U.S. Department of Justice has spoken out against “Scared Straight” and so has the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ).

    >>More info on the research.

    >>Other juvenile justice experts opposing “Scared Straight.”

    Reply
  37. kim

    hi i am having problems wit my 12yr old i have tried several times to get help n cant get none could u please tell me how 2 get her on scared straight

    Reply
  38. Benjamin Chambers

    Hi Kim, I’m sorry to hear you’re having trouble. However, we actually would strongly recommend that you *avoid* “Scared Straight” programs, as research has shown that they’re ineffective, and can even make kids *more* likely to commit new crimes.

    You don’t say what sort of problems you’re having with your daughter, and I don’t know what sort of resources are available in your area. But I strongly recommend family therapy if you can find it or afford it — it can often be very useful in addressing behavior problems.

    If you go that route, see if you can find a provider who has a lot of experience (and certification) using “Motivational Interviewing” (MI). It’s a technique that therapists and health professionals use to increase client motivation to change. A key difference between it and other approaches is that it’s based on research on how people make behavior changes (like quitting smoking) to draw on their own motivation for a better life to help them stop doing negative, self-destructive behavior. It’s not a complete treatment in itself, but it can be extremely effective way to start work with a defiant teen.

    You may also find that having her assessed by a behavioral health provider may help you find that there are underlying reasons for her behavior — for example, mental health issues, trauma, or alcohol and drug issues.

    Just a couple of ideas – I hope this is somewhat helpful, and I wish you the best of luck with your daughter.

    Reply
  39. Benjamin Chambers

    Anonymous – Thanks for your thoughtful, passionate comments. You’re absolutely right that evidence-based practices are not the only things that work, and that there is no “one size fits all.”

    But as you know, we’re not arguing that people should heed the research and use a program that works at the expense of programs that *might* work — we’re pointing out that the research is remarkably consistent in showing that Scared Straight does *not* work, and, in fact, makes kids more likely to reoffend.

    It’s in the nature of research that it can’t predict how every single kid will fare in a given program; but good research can show whether the program works in a statistically reliable way, for the majority of participants. In this case, repeated studies and and a rigorous meta-analysis have shown that Scared Straight doesn’t work for the vast majority of kids who go through it, and it even harms them.

    Our responsibility to the public (never mind to the kids themselves) is to invest our resources as wisely as we can, to do the greatest good for the greatest number. And this is a situation where the research really could not be clearer.

    I also want to point out that juvenile crime rates overall are not rising, and have actually declined dramatically in the past decade, according to data collected by OJJDP. (You can drill down on specific types of crimes here.) I saw a presentation in March — I’m sorry I can’t link to it — that showed that juvenile drug crimes have actually gone up, but it wasn’t clear why, and in any case, they’re an anomaly.

    Reply
  40. Anonymous

    If you were thirsty and Kool-Aid was all you had to drink, would you drink it? Today’s youth are in trouble and we created the problem. I am a probation officer and I have a Master’s in psychology. I have studied the X, Y and Millennium (Me) generations. The reason there is so much emphasis on evidence based practices is because it’s the only area where there has been a significant investment and data collected; the Kool-Aid. It does not mean other methods do not work. The “Me” generation has entitlement and authority issues. Why? Because they have been hand-fed. If you take a look at crime statistics and gang membership, it has done nothing but grow. The X and Y generations did not have the same issues to the same extent. So my question is what and who are you going to believe? People who have been paid and have a personal investment in seeing the EBP program succeed… or national crime statistics? What do your instincts tell you to do? All those emails that have circulated to each and every person reading this post regarding things we survived in our youth have truth attached to them. Think about this… Why don’t you speed? Because you know it’s wrong? No, because you are afraid of getting a ticket. Accountability, punishment, even fear have been used for centuries to gain compliance (not to the point of abuse); they are tried and true methods. Most are reading this because they are looking for a solution to a problem. There is no easy solution. Most of you turned out just fine and you are wondering why aren’t your kids more like you? I don’t know what kind of environment you were raised in, but if it wasn’t abusive, and you turned out okay… ask yourself if you are treating your kids the way your parents treated you? Even if it’s things you didn’t like… did it work? Do you work? Do you take responsibility for your actions? Be present in your kids lives… hover, invade, they are kids… it is your house… there is no expectation of privacy… don’t coddle… You decide… My thing is there is no “One size fits all.” EBP may work for some, but so does Scared Straight. Don’t drink the Kool-Aid and remember ultimately, they are individuals… they are going to make choices… the question is who is going to hold them accountable… you or the Department of Corrections?

    Reply
  41. Anonymous

    Get as much info as you possibly can from organizations that offer rehab, whether inpatient or outpatient, personalized substance abuse counseling, and/or group substance abuse counseling. Show them to him, but don’t harass him into getting help. He will recoil and rebel more.

    My son started out like your’s. After Hurricane Katrina wiped us out in 2005 (New Orleans), by the end of 2006 after his stepdad died, he turned to heroin. He was on heroin 4 short months, drug dealers were looking for him, and he begged me for help him to quit using heroin. I started scouting non-profit rehabs, and my son ended up at BridgeHouse. He loved it and we made lifelong friends. He was clean 1.5 years, he reached out to his substance abuse counselor, she was out that day, he relapsed, used heroin one last time, and died the day after contacting his counselor (10/20/09). He was 24 yrs old.

    Get your son the help he needs by showing him as many options as possible. Don’t stop showing him options. Let him decide which to take. Eventually, he will. You can’t push him to get help, but you can show him the options and which roads he can take to a healthier life.

    Good luck.

    Reply
  42. Anonymous

    My son was always rebelious.I belived he was possibly using marijuana but could pinpoint it exactly.Now tat he has reached the age of 19, he uses it more and more. I know he needs a lifechanging event to wake him up. But if he’s incarcerated or worse, injured because of his actions.He has no concept of his wrong doing and thinks everybody else is wrong and he is right.I don’t know what to do because he is an adult and an arrest will ruin his careers forever.I’m at a loss of what to do because I really have no control over him any more. I believe I lost control after I became handicapped many years ago.
    Any suggestions would be appreciated.

    Reply
  43. Benjamin Chambers

    Joe – thanks for taking the time to read the research, and for your thoughtful question.

    As you know, the reason researchers assess interventions like “Scared Straight” in isolation (i.e., vs. “doing nothing” in this case) is that it makes it clearer whether the program is working or not. If, as in this situation, you have multiple studies of the intervention in multiple sites that all conclude that “Scared Straight” either has no effect or is harmful, there’s no basis to suppose that combining it with interventions that have been shown to have a positive impact will make it successful. In fact, as far as I’m aware, there are no independent research studies that show even the slightest positive effect for “Scared Straight,” so at this point, policymakers and practitioners have very strong evidence that suggests they’d be doing harm by using it at all.

    Then, too, it’s important to remember that “Scared Straight’s” premise is that the shock of being exposed to hardened inmates in a prison setting will cause young people to modify their behavior over the long term. The research as it stands — which has been performed more than once by different researchers in different places — shows that doing nothing with the kids either has the same effect as “Scared Straight” (in which case, there’s no point in doing it) or (as this meta-analysis concludes) it makes kids *more* likely to commit crimes. Either way, the premise that kids can be scared straight doesn’t hold water.

    Reply
  44. Joe Alperin

    Beyond Scared Straight & Reclaiming Futures
    Mr., Chambers I felt compelled to read the Scared Straight and Other Juvenile Awareness Programs for Preventing Juvenile Delinquency report before commenting. I want to acknowledge that I have been impressed with a lot of the material that has resulted from the Reclaiming Futures Initiative. This being said I believe it is erroneous to be stating that programs following the “Scared Straight,” methodology have been found to increase criminal behavior among those who participate. After carefully reading the meta-analysis report I found one sentence that provides a strong argument to discredit the findings. It is where the authors note that Scared Straight and other juvenile-awareness programs are not effective as a stand-alone crime prevention strategy.

    I am actually surprised that reclaiming Futures or those associated with the initiative would be so quick to discredit the “Scared Straight” treatment methodology. Even the authors of the meta-analysis you directed readers to acknowledge that these were stand alone interventions that apparently increased criminal activity versus no treatment individuals. Gifford-Smith, Dodge, Dishion & McCord (2005), reviewed literature and concluded that juvenile delinquents placed into group treatment programs are exposed to deviant peer’s influences and delinquent behavior. These findings sugest that youths will have an increased risk of recidivism. With this in mind, yes I would expect increased criminal activity from the participants only experiencing a “Scared Straight” program. The work from Reclaiming Futures initiatives, as I understand it, incorporates addressing the complex needs or issues associated with an offending youth. This is done by providing services addressing respective areas i.e. substance abuse, mental health, positive youth development and family counseling. My point is what happens, or have there been studies, that show the effectiveness/ineffectiveness of reducing juvenile recidivism rates when a “Scared Straight” program is incorporated into a multi-dimensional treatment plan.
    Work Cited
    Mary Gifford-Smith, K. A. (2005). Peer Influence in Children and Adolescents: Crossing the Bridge from Development to Intervention Science. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology , 255-265.

    Reply
  45. Benjamin Chambers

    Hi Lindee – I’m glad you’re so committed to turning the lives of teens around – I wish more people cared as much about them, especially those in the justice system.

    However, when it comes to setting policy about how we’re going to help the thousands of teens who have brushes with the law each year, it makes sense to develop interventions that are consistent with what the research tells us works. This main study Laura refers to above is actually a review of 9 separate tests of this intervention — since the overall conclusion was that “Scared Straight” actually made youth more likely to reoffend, it’s really not something we want to support.

    Reply
  46. Charles Gillum

    Mr. Chambers,
    I can see by the string of comments and other research that “scared straight” programs appear to have an adverse affect on teenagers. I certainly know the importance of studies and statistics, as an operations analyst, but what I need to know is what type of programs are available that work for our children? My daughter has started down a slippery slope and as a result has come to live with me for the past month. I’m a retired naval officer and hope to instill some daily regimen in her life but this past weekend, while visiting her mother, she ended up getting in trouble once again. My concern is things may spiral out of control and I want to get her whatever type of help that may be out there. My immediate thought was the “scared straight” type programs we heard about when we grew up. So, I guess what I’m not seeing on this site is recommended solutions, I’m only seeing pointers to links about how the program doesn’t work. I guess my military nature would ask me to give me a solution please not the problems restated several different ways.
    Thanks,
    Chuck

    Reply
  47. Benjamin Chambers

    Mr. Gillum, I appreciate your openness to hearing what the research says and your focus on solutions for your daughter.

    There are a whole set of research-backed prevention and intervention programs available — you can see model programs at the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, but the site is designed more for policymakers and juvenile justice professionals than for parents in your situation.

    Of course, there’s no magic recipe. And furthermore, what’s actually available in any given community — never mind what you can afford — varies a great deal. And finally, what I say here may not apply to your situation, and shouldn’t be taken as professional advice. (I certainly don’t know what sort of behavior your daughter’s actually exhibiting.) In fact, I’d probably ask the opinion of your physician, school teacher/counselor, and/or talk with a therapist to see what they recommend.

    Nevertheless, if intervention is needed here’s a few things that might help:

    * If therapy is warranted, see if you can find a provider who has a lot of experience (and certification) using “Motivational Interviewing” (MI). It’s a technique that therapists and health professionals use to increase client motivation to change. A key difference between it and other approaches is that it’s based on research on how people make behavior changes (like quitting smoking) to draw on their own motivation for a better life to help them stop doing negative, self-destructive behavior. It’s not a complete treatment in itself, but it can be extremely effective way to start work with a defiant teen.

    * Cognitive-behavioral therapy (which is often used with MI) is one of the most effective approaches for changing behavior – it’s relatively widespread, too, in terms of finding therapists who “do” it.

    * Many people find family therapy — vs. individual therapy for their child — very helpful, especially in helping them regain control of youth who are acting out.

    * Taking a holistic, environmental approach — finding positive activities, positive peers, and additional caring adults to wrap around your child will increase the “protective factors” that will make her more successful in the long run

    * If she needs alcohol or drug treatment, ask questions about the evidence base behind the treatment approach. In fact, I recently posted some links to questions parents can ask about substance abuse treatment programs and residential treatment.

    I hope this is somewhat helpful, and I wish you the best of luck with your daughter.

    Reply
  48. Lindee Arnold

    This story sounds so much like ours. This is why today I reach out to parents that need any help that I can offer. I also reach out to troubled teens if they allow me to do so. My heart goes out to you.

    Reply
  49. Lindee Arnold

    I disagree with the article printed in the Baltimore Sun. I disagree with what the researchers said. Teens without this program will most likely offend in the future as well. If the program helps scare some teens it’s doing well. My opinion is will help a lot of teens and help some parents too. The program should move forward. All states should fund this program. I talk and write to as many troubled teens that I can reach out to with help using my scare factor stories. I also show them letters from my son who is an inmate here in TX. My stories and opinions go way back starting with my younger brother being in a juvenile corrections center back in the 70′s. He’s still in trouble today at the age of 46. My son was in TYC and TDC. If I can help one troubled teen turn thier life around and avoid prison with my stories then I fill I’m doing good. My goal is to help more.

    Reply
  50. Benjamin Chambers

    Hi Anonymous – I understand your concerns. Our initiative has worked in 29 communities across the United States, and I personally worked in the juvenile justice system for seven years, so I know how frustrating it can be sometimes to work with youth who are caught up in a criminal lifestyle. In my own work, I also heard from victims about the pain and trauma they suffered at the hands of youth; but I also saw — almost every day — the potential, the strengths, and the desire for change in these teens. And I also saw many youth make those changes.

    There’s no question that these teens need intervention — we don’t want them continuing to commit crimes that victimize others. But the research says that “Scared Straight” makes them *more* likely to commit crimes, so we think it’s a bad investment in terms of money and lives wasted.

    Reply
  51. Eric

    My 2 teenage daughters, ages 14 and 16, watched several episodes of the show and it has had a positive affect on them. Typical of this country, research often becomes tainted toward the result people want. I find it very, very hard to believe that Scared Straight programs fail at their objective. I believe it is hogwash and the conclusion of those studies has someone’s agenda behind it. Research in the United States and by government organizations is extremely agenda tainted. Not buying it. Great show. I applaud those making Beyond Scared Straight.

    Reply
  52. Anonymous

    Hello,
    Hey I just don’t agree with you. Not one bit. I think that the program is real helpful. Hey I have a question. Are you exposed to these delinquent kids?
    I lived in a bad part of town for almost 10 years and I have seen delinquent kids
    everyday of that 10 years until I could get section 8 to move to a better area.
    These kids have no morals, their parents,parent,grandparents don’t instill any disciplines leaving these kids to raise themselves & make their own decisions which as we see out in the world are really poor.
    These kids take drugs,violate others by robbing,threats of violence,anti social. These kids are out of control!! I’ve seen it first hand.
    I don’t think that you see the big picture. These kids think that getting into trouble is cool,smoking weed or other drugs & drinking alcohol is cool.
    This Scared Straight program or the other names that Scared Straight falls under is a DETERRENT to landing in PRISON!!
    You know I feel that you want to coddle these kids. No! they need this the bad kids really do need this.
    What this program does is save lives. Scared straight saves those youngsters lives & lives of future victims.
    When I see a juvenile delinquent I worry that I might fall victim somewhere down the road due the juveniles displaced rage or desparation.
    It’s the juveniles I fear most because they are getting VERY DANGEROUS. It’s not the adults I fear but the juvenile delinquents.
    Take the blinders off! Get your head out of West Side Story!
    We’re not dealing with the Jets or the Sharks.
    And this isn’t a scene out of Sidney Poiter’s movie in “To Sir With Love”
    WAKE UP!

    Reply
  53. Benjamin Chambers

    Hi Eric – I’m glad the show had a positive effect on your daughters, and I hope the improvement is lasting.

    As for the research, I could understand your skepticism if we were talking about just one study. But one of the “studies” that showed that “Scared Straight” was ineffective was actually a high-level look at *nine* different studies. The point of approaching it that way is to eliminate exactly the kind of “agenda” bias you’re talking about, and the organization that conducted is an international, independent non-profit known for providing high-quality, extremely rigorous evaluations of research.

    I encourage you to look at the actual study for more information about what the researchers looked at, and the results they found.

    Regardless, I genuinely wish you the best of luck with your daughters!

    Reply
  54. Joe

    What many people don’t seem to realize is that we are using CRIME to deter CRIME. What’s the most effective arguments these programs use to “deter” kids from crime? Is it the ordered routines and constricted freedoms of a well maintained and governed prison system? Or is it the the ILLEGAL violence and intimidation perpetrated on weak offenders by stronger offenders and sometimes even correctional officers themselves? These programs not only highlight the failure of the system, but they CELEBRATE the failure. We’ve done more than just throw our hands up and give up on ever trying to rehabilitate inmates. We’ve decided to use the FAILURE of the system as a “deterrent”. The concept is flawed. You can’t use crime to fight crime. Simply making someone fear consequences is a cheap fix. Helping them understand why they should do the right things in life, for the sake of being a better person is a more difficult but better long term solution. When life puts pressure on people without the right moral foundations, then they will in some way shape or form break. Maybe out of fear many won’t become “criminals” but maybe they become drug and alcohol addicts, become addicted to gambling, or even suicidal. Live doesn’t get easier just because you make a choice to walk the straight and narrow. While some will benefit from the “shock” of these programs, it may only be because they already have a strong psychological and emotional core to begin with. Those without one will only gain the added fear and pressure not to go to jail. They will still lack the tools to deal with life. It’s time to think past quick and easy fixes, because as human beings there’s nothing simple about us whatsoever.

    Reply
  55. corina becerra

    i would like to know if you would be able to help with any information on how to get my child in to the scared straight program. There has been a recent change in behavior turning into the worst ever. I don’t want him to go down the wrong path and would like for him to see what happens if he continues down this road. thank you

    Reply
  56. Benjamin Chambers

    Ms. Becera – I’m sorry to hear your son’s behavior has taken such a turn for the worse. However, as you’ll have gathered from the post above, and our replies to comments, “Scared Straight” programs are not only ineffective, they’re likely to make your son worse.

    I don’t know what sort of resources are available in your community, but see sometimes it’s possible to find family support programs through schools or other agencies. That’s likely to be your best bet for long-term success.

    Hang in there!

    Reply
  57. Benjamin Chambers

    Hi Anonymous. I’m glad you’re interested in helping teens, but I’m afraid we can’t help you. As Laura pointed out in her post, the research is very clear that “Scared Straight” is ineffective and, in fact, makes kids more likely to reoffend.

    Reply
  58. Anonymous

    How can a person such as myself create a organization such as a “Scared Straight” program to my town to help troubled youth in my area. Any suggestions will be helpful.
    Thanks,

    Reply
  59. Anonymous

    I have taken the time to look at the article and all the posts on here. The common throw-back when someone talks positively about “Beyond Scared Straight” is said that “the research is very clear that “Scared Straight” is ineffective and, in fact, makes kids more likely to reoffend.” My question is why hasn’t anyone provided the stats of the alleged research saying it’s ineffective? I could tell you all day long that drinking sodas are bad for you, but until I provide accurate percentage to prove my statement, then it’s merely my opinion. I understand that you say “researchers” studied and found this and that, but what are the exact percentages? Example: We studied 100 teenagers in the “Beyond Scared Straight” program. Out of the 100 studied, X amount of teenagers went on to commit crimes…… I have yet to see the information from the study give hard facts, or percentages, from their research….

    Reply
  60. ebp

    It’s not close minded. A few kids may be helped, but the NET effect is that the scared straight program ends up with MORE kids in prison. The idea is to get kids into a program which RESEARCH shows is effective. If you’re a teacher you should understand that. It is very basic common sense.

    Reply
  61. bob

    I saw the Scared Straight documentary when I was in high school. And I can tell you that it scared the living hell out of me. Before I saw the movie, I wasn’t concerned about going to prison. After seeing it, I was extremely scared. To this day, I am afraid of going to prison. The program worked for me. I can say that seeing the documentary has had a big influence on the choices I have made in my life. Even now, I am afraid of committing any felony for fear of prison. Whenever I feel tempted to do something criminal, I think about the Scared Straight documentary, and decide it just is not worth it. I recently went to my 30 year class reunion. My classmates were still talking about the Scared Straight show. It is what got them to make better decisions at an important decision making time in life. The program may not work on youths who have already gone bad, but it does work on youths who may be leaning in that direction.

    Reply
  62. Anonymous

    I watched many episodes of ” Scared Straight ” last night and i believed that it will be a great help for the teenagers to think of how to choose the right decision and how to say ” no ” for the things that is really bad for them. Atleast, they realized the consequences inside the jail.
    Keep it up guys!

    Reply
  63. melanie

    your saying the programs don’t won’t so you don’t want to fund the them! okay that makes sense. OR DOES IT!!!! let’s recap here, you put money into a program yet you don’t see positive results. correct??? THEN CHANGE YOUR APPROACH!!! GET MORE STRICT! GET LOUDER! GET MEANER! GET UGLY! it’s that easy! stop babying these kids and show them the REAL HARSH TRUTH!!!!

    Reply
  64. Val

    I BELIEVE THAT THIS PROGRAM CAN BECOME EFFECTIVE IF IMPELMENTED PROPERLY. I AM A PARENT OF AN 18 YEAR OLD WITH ANGER ISSUES AND HE HAS JUST BEEN SUSPENDED FROM SCHOOL IN HIS SENIOR YEAR OR TERROR THREATS. KIDS LIKE THIS NEED TO SEE WHAT BEING BEHIND BARS WITHOUT FREEDOM AND FIGHTING FOR UR LIFE VS BEING FREE OUTSIDE AND FOLLOWING RULES. NO PROGRAM IS 100% BUT ITS A START.

    Reply
  65. Anonymous

    I’m having rouble with my son not wanting to go to school thinks he don’t have to go to school I really wanna get him help and scare him. Let my know the best thing to do I would really like for him to see what it’s like in jail and prison cause he thinks it’s fun and games there

    Reply
  66. Anonymous

    I have a 16 year old son and I have sought assistance for the past 3 years with his behavior. I personally know people who have been through the Scared Straight Program (at least 4 people)and they seem to be doing well in life. I talk to my son about jail but in an inner city neighborhood jail can be a “passage to manhood”. Hearing about jail doesn’t seem to affect him. My back is against the wall and I am going to try the program because nothing else has worked.

    Reply
  67. sleepy

    i have a brother which is 13 years old currently a gang member and has a very bad behavior in school he smoke marihuana all the time even gets to the point of fighting hes real dad and he has also try to hit my mom hes currently on probation but he doesnt listen plis help

    Reply
  68. Start a New Business

    I think with the bad economy, you will see more and more kids getting into trouble, committing petty crimes, etc. The biggest way to help young people stay on the right side of the law is ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY. We need to help them get educated, get jobs, start businesses and be successful so they feel empowered to take control of their own destiny.

    Reply
  69. Anonymous

    Please advise what a Chicago South Suburban parent can do to redirect the lifestyle and aspirations of a second year high school student.
    The boy is bright and kind hearted yet comes from a broken family and is fighting at all odds to go live with his addict mother – although not sure if she is currently using. Her behaviors still represent addiction such as not making the child attend school, etc.

    The father is looking for an intervention that can help his child see the light and realize his potential in life.

    I would appreciate any comments and adivce you can offer.
    Every child is an important child.

    Thank you.
    Michelle

    Reply
  70. Anonymous

    I think that if the program isn’t going to do the youth any good, just send them back into what they are trying to get them away from, then it shouldn’t be televised.

    Reply
  71. Tanya Mabe

    My son is 11 years old. He has a very bad anger problem ,The doctors say he is ADHD.He has been trowed out of every school where we live.Now he is home schooled. His doctor wrote a letter to the school stateding he needed to be took out of all forsthy county schools because he was a danger to his classmates,teacher and others.I am a morther of three with a 19 year old daughter that is already in the system,a 13 year old that likes school and of course Danny my 11 year old.I feel do to the lack of income im unable to help Dannny as he is needed do to the lack of transportions an income.So if there is anyone out there that can relate to my story or can help me an my family befor Danny ends up like my daughter or wourse.Before its to late.
    Sincerly a carring Morther.

    Reply
  72. rebecca

    My name is Rebecca’s & I live in Oregon I have a 16 year old son who has been skipping school & his grades are nothing but f’s & d’s. He is very rebellious. When it comes to authority. From me his step dad & his grandparents he yells & cusses at all of us when he does’nt get his way he has a 13 year old sister whom he pushes around & hits on her & as well does his 5 year old little brother he picks physical fights with everyone who lives in the house he has also made many threats to everyone in the family he has told me that he hares me & will not live by mine or anybody elses. Rules he has been in many fights at school as well. He has punch many holes in the walls of his grandparents house he has also broken many of his 5 year old brothers toys he takes medication for ache but does not stay on top of taking it.he has also been suspended from school for fighting,chewing,smoking, I’m at my wits end & don’t know what to do I have tried grounding, taking privalages away, & I have truer couseling & he does not care. Pleasee Help I would really appreciate doing something like this for him I just want my son back sincerely Rebecca’s from Oregon.

    Reply
  73. Anonymous

    The program works for some, not for others. Indeed, some children on “Beyond Scared Straight” are much too young to be there. The studies are valid insomuch as this type of program should not be for everybody. But, it is useful for many teens. Visiting a prison in CA worked for me and many of my friends. Yes, anecdotal evidence, but it worked. I find it hard to believe we were the only ones that were changed by visiting a prison. Anyhow, to reiterate, the program should be used for only the older teens.

    Reply
  74. Tanya Overton

    I am a 33yr old single mom who has a 15yr old juvenile delinquent child.I also have 3 daughters as well ages 17,12,and 9yrs old. My son has been in and out of court,youth detention centers,one group home which he left from without permission and got put out of.Malik has also been placed on probation,ankle monitors,house-arrest,in mentor programs,clubhouse programs so he would stay out of trouble! Nothing so far has worked.He is right now waiting to get approval from whom ever makes the decision to allow Malik to do his ordered time in a Y.D.C because noone wants to take the risk of him flleing from their program if in placement.I have run out of options..I love my son very much and am looking for anyone that can get thru to Malik before he becomes an adult and its too late to change his ways!!CAN YOU HELP ME OR REFER ME TO SOMEONE WHO CAN HELP PLEASE?!

    Reply
  75. Anonymous

    Hi Tanya,
    I am a Criminal Justice student and I help people like your son.If you do not get help for your son before it is too late he could harm himself and others around him.
    It is very hard to see a child going through what your son is going through believe me I have a set of twin boys and I am a single parent. You must encourage your son that you love him, not just that prove to him you love by sitting down and listening to what he has to say! “Something Happen” you must learn to communicate with him. He is your only son so you must listen he want that male figure in his life.

    Reply
  76. brandi

    This scared straight program is a very very good idea!!!!! It takes the kids into a world that they have never been into before..These kids think that the world is a joke and that they are invincible!!! With this chance it shows them that there are consequences to every action that they take…They need this program in WV!!!!

    Reply
  77. Danica Brown

    Laura, thank you for your thoughtful comments. I feel the same way about this and have taken it upon myself to write a letter to the producers of this show and would encourage those to do the same. Address is:

    A&E Television Networks
    A&E Channel Producers
    Beyond Scared Straight
    235 East 45th Street
    New York, New York 10017

    For me this is more than just the irresponsible support of techniques that are not evidenced based and the problems that will follow this as you mentioned in this post, I am outraged that they are exploiting children for ratings and money. Shame on A&E for producing this kind of programming for entertainment!!!

    Reply
  78. Armando Salas

    This is from someone that has lived this type of lifestyle and manages to work his way onto the other side of the desk. I was never in tuned to more of the same type of treatment that had gotten me in the shape I was as adolescent. I knew I wanted a different life but had very few role models to turn to at that time. I continued to rumble through life until life became unbearable. It is at that time that I was approached by the most unlikely individual I would have thought to turn to in any time of need. A flat footed Retired Staff Sergeant from Rome, Georgia. Dan was able to talk to me in a language few people had ever talked to me before; compassion, motivating and above all understanding. Here I was, a young adult from El Paso, listening to this guy with the most significant Sothern Drawl helping me understand my situation. To this day I remember and cherish his willingness to reach out a helping hand. With every encounter I have with young, adolescent people, I always remember what it took for me to become companionate, motivated and understanding, another human being willing to do the same to me. I thank God for Dan and I thank God for the opportunity to return the favor every time I have an opportunity to do so.

    Reply
  79. Bronx Teacher

    It startles me when I see a group push skewed research that was dedigned to produce a specific outcome. For 30 years you folks have tried to say that scared straight makes kids more likely to reoffend.

    At each comment above you tell them the program may have had nothing to do with the outcome. How can someone who claims to be educated be so closed minded? These people are pouring out their hearts, and you dismiss them with a certain arrogance.

    I am very sure not one of you has ever lived in a community ravaged by drugs and gangs. I have. And, I ave been educating disadvantaged youth in these ravaged communities for 15 years. Many of our youths have a glorified view of prison. A program like this gives them a much better image of what prison is really like.

    Have you ever attended one of these programs? If not, I suggest you do, and do so with an open mind. These programs do not make our
    youths any more likely to commit crimes. In fact, these programs have
    helped countless youngsters change their lives. Ask them, they will tell you. You and the CJJ like to reference The young man from the original scared straight program who went to prison for murder. That murder was from 28 years ago. After the show he did not immediately change. His change took years, and was still ongoing. Had he not gone through the program how many would he have killed? The truth is we will never know, but the program did NOT make him commit that murder.

    I have seen the results, and they are amazing. Your actions to stop these programs are not helping kids. They are damaging. We need ALL of our resources, even the resources that make you uncomfortable. We need counseling. We need mentoring. We need Scared Straight programs.

    If you have attend a scared straight type program you will see inmates counseling our young people. Our young people are much more likely to listen to them than you or I. They have been there, and are there. Who better to communicate a message of change?

    Finally, look at the impact this program has on the prisoners! As they go through this process they begin to reflect on their own lives. For many this provides a turning point. They begin to heal mentally and emotionally.

    My goal is to educate our young people and to help them reach their
    dreams. You are driven by your ego and money. You care nothing about the lives of these kids.

    Reply
  80. Anonymous

    The story may be entertaining, and A&E certainly has the right to show it. More importantly, consider that boot camps and D.A.R.E. are still around. Maybe it’s harder to get rid of harmful programs than we think. We could use some research on how systems successfully ignore widely-acknowledged, evidence-based news that an intervention is harmful.

    Reply
  81. Anonymous

    This programming preys on parents and communities sometimes desperate to find a way to make an impact on a troubled youth.
    Many of this youth have been victims of terrible trauma in their short lives, why would any sane individual think that by exposing them to even more trauma will “scare them straight’????

    This is irresponsible, sensationalistic television which sends the wrong message to these youth and the general public who may think this is a good idea.

    Reply
  82. Benjamin Chambers

    Thanks, Ms. Brown – Appreciate your comments, and the link. I just posted CJJ’s position paper and fact sheet this morning as well. (FYI – comments take a while to show up because we’ve been having trouble with spammers.)

    Reply
  83. Shawn

    My question to each and everyone if you leaving a comment is…
    Have you ever been faced with the anything close to what’s being shown on A&E? Have you lived it? Or maybe you have read a book made a few suggestions to someone coping with a bad situation in there life and maybe that person decided to try your advice and was successful and maybe they feel short of reaching success and that was because of bla bla bla… My point…. And most of all my personal feelings is that any program willing to make a attempt to show or depict reality in the real world is beat or bashed to death by someone or a individual with a Ph.D saying it’s the wrong way or it’s this or that. I again believe in my non- Ph.d heart that all forms of awareness is the best choice for educating the public , not every thing in life is wrapped in a pretty pink bow and guaranteed a 100% success rate or approval by it’s peers. Life is many things to many people, people who lead and those who follow, people who have lived this life style of un fruitful events and those who read about it in a book. (bla bla bla). Do yourself all a favor and reach out to anyone in trouble and just try to help in any way you can. Don’t over analyze , allow healing to come if it does come within the person your reaching out too. We don’t always need a board or a approval from people who have never lived a day in the shoes of those who are coping with lifes adversities. Thanks for reading and applaud any program that might even heal 1 person out of 10. Thanks – Shawn from Boise Idaho ( level treatment foster parent)

    Reply
  84. Benjamin Chambers

    Shawn – I appreciate your passion and commitment to helping people. And I understand why you’re skeptical of what researchers might say about an intervention like this.

    The problem is, we *know* from testing this out in the real world that it doesn’t work. There’s a lot of interventions where the research isn’t as clear, and there’s room for disagreement about how to interpret the results, but this isn’t one of them.

    And I know you wouldn’t want to do anything that would hurt kids or your community. Unfortunately, that’s what this program does.

    Reply
  85. Oscar

    I have a friend that did something similar many years ago. He was getting in a lot of trouble and even spent sometime in juvenile hall. Not even the time there helped getting him on the right track. His parents, with no other options left, signed him up for a tour of the prison. Five other kids went in this tour with him. He didn’t know them and he is really not aware of what ever happened to them, but one thing was for sure, he never got in trouble again. That experiences is something he will never forget. That very afternoon after getting home, he took a sheet of paper and wrote down a list of goals and committed to achieve them. With the help of the school counselor, his parents and a few other teachers, he finished high school and and enrolled in the local community college. Today, he is a high school math teacher, married and a father of two brilliant girls. No telling where he would be today if it hadn’t been for that prison tour. And i think that is key when you get kids to attend this types of programs. You must have some kind of support program as well as an action plan with specific goals and time lines. A good mentoring program would be of great help as well. You wouldn’t send a kid that doesn’t know how to drive to a class for a day and then give him or her the keys to the car and send him or her on their way. It is the same with this kids. There MUST be some kind of follow up to the program. Unfortunately, no program is perfect and you will never achieve 100% success rate, but if you can help one kid out of a group of six or seven, it is got to be better that what we are doing now…

    Reply
  86. Benjamin Chambers

    Oscar – I’m really glad to hear that it worked for your friend. As with any intervention, there’s a wide variety of how specific individuals will react — and you’re right – additional support services, such as mentoring, can make a huge difference, no matter what the service provided actually is.

    But the problem is, we don’t want to build programs based on anecdotal evidence. If it only works for a small number of kids — and has been shown to make the rest of the youth in the program *more* likely to commit crimes, and to cost communities *more* money down the road — then that’s not a program we want to invest in or trust our kids to.

    There’s actually a lot of evidence that other types of interventions with youth in the juvenile justice system are much more effective in terms of changing behavior and in terms of saving money – and that “Scared Straight” is the *least* effective. (And by the way, you may know this already, but the perception that juvenile crime is rising is incorrect – in fact, national arrest rates in 2009 were the lowest they’ve been since the mid-1980s.)

    Thanks for writing in.

    Reply
  87. Anonymous

    I would like to know exactly why some think these types of programs are ineffective. If those who are against them think that counseling is the answer, they are wrong. My son has been to multiple counselors, with no change. Counseling only helps those who want help. I cannot imagine how this cannot be effective.

    Reply
  88. Danielle Downing

    How do i find out about putting my 10 yr old daughter through this program? she has not been threw the court system yet but with her behavior problems she soon will be. she lies to her mom and dad and she steals things, she also hides things in her room she is not supposed to have. I found her with a steak knife under her pillow just the night before last.

    Reply
  89. Benjamin Chambers

    Danielle – that must be scary – I’m sorry your daughter is acting out the way she is. However, the research on “Scared Straight” shows that it’s the last thing you’d want to expose your daughter to. In fact, there’s a lot of other research on the justice system (both adult and juvenile) that shows that the further youth and adults penetrate it, the more likely they are to return.

    Reply
  90. Benjamin Chambers

    Bronx Teacher – thanks for your comments, and for your passionate devotion to turning the lives of teens around. We can agree that we need a range of responses to youth in trouble with the law — for example, treatment alone can’t help some youth, but a combination of court sanctions and treatment is more effective than either alone.

    But there’s a reason that we advocate that public policy be based on research, not on personal accounts — while not perfect, research does a better job than personal testimony does of showing what actually works. A great example is the case you mention in your comment of Angelo Speziale, who stared in the first “Scared Straight” documentary in 1978 at age 16, and who was convicted in 2010 of the 1982 murder of a teen-aged girl.

    You’re absolutely right to say that it’s hard to know how the “Scared Straight” program impacted Speziale’s behavior, which is one reason why we haven’t written about it on our blog (though I will today, to make the point I’m going to argue here).

    But we do know from long-term research done on larger groups of youth who’ve been through “Scared Straight” programs — by looking at their offense records post-intervention, and comparing them to similar youth who didn’t go through the program and controlling for other factors — that participants are considerably more likely to offend than those who don’t go through the program.

    Individual results may vary, but since the majority are likely to re-offend, “Scared Straight” is a program we shouldn’t support. Instead, let’s support programs for our teens that research and personal testimony agree are effective, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, family therapy, and — where needed — substance abuse and mental health treatment.

    Reply

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>